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船检英语|压载水管理系统

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第二十六单元 压载水管理系统
 
一、词汇汉译英
压载水管理系统 型式认可
压载水管理计划 处理设备
控制设备 检测设备
取样设施 额定处理功率
越控装置 校验证书

二、选择适当短语或词汇以适当形式填空,其中一个为多于选项

calibration check  / treatment equipment  /  ballast water operations  /   Management Plan /  control equipment  /   calibration certificate
1.The BWMS includes ballast water ____, all associated control equipment, monitoring equipment and sampling facilities.
2.The Ballast Water _____ is the document describing the ballast water management process and procedures implemented on board individual ships.
3.In case of any failure compromising the proper operation of the BWMS, audible and visual alarm signals should be given in all stations from which ___are controlled.
4. The BWMS should be so constructed that a visual alarm is always activated whenever the BWMS is in operation for purposes of cleaning, calibration, or repair, and these events should be recorded by the _____.
5.A_____certifying the date of the last calibration check, should be retained on board. Only the manufacturer or persons authorized by the manufacturer should perform the accuracy checks.
 
三、填空题(每空一词,部分单词有首字母提示)
 
1.The ballast water ______ equipment should be provided with simple and effective means for its operation and control. 
2.The _____ equipment should incorporate a continuous self-monitoring function during the period in which the BWMS is in operation.
3.The control equipment should also be able to ___  data for at least 24 months, and should be able to display or print a record for official inspections as required. 
4.A BWMS which in every respect fulfils the requirements of these Guidelines may be _a_____ by the Administration for fitting on board ships. 
5. S_____ facilities should in any case be located on the BWMS intake, before the discharging points, and any other points necessary for sampling to ascertain the proper functioning of the equipment as may be determined by the Administration.
 
四、句子汉译英
 
1、压载水管理系统应满足公约第D-2条的标准。
2、压载水管理系统的旁通应激活报警,控制设备应记录旁通事件。
3、监测设备应记录压载水管理系统正常工作或失效情况。
4、发生紧急情况时,应安装保护船舶和人员安全的适当的旁通或越控装置。
5、所有的维修保养和修理情况应予以记录。

答案
一、

ballast water management system type approval
ballast water management plan treatment equipment
control equipment monitoring equipment
sampling facility treatment rated capacity
override calibration certificate
 
二、选择适当短语或词汇以适当形式填空,其中一个为多余项
 
treatment equipment   /  Management Plan /  ballast water operations  /  control equipment / calibration certificate
 
三、填空题
 
treatment  /  control  /   store  /   approved  /  Sampling
 
四、句子汉译英
 
1.Ballast water management systems are required to meet the standards of regulation D-2 . 
2.Any bypass of the BWMS should activate an alarm, and the bypass event should be recorded by the Control Equipment.
3.The monitoring equipment should record the proper functioning or failure of the BWMS.
4.In the event of an emergency, suitable by-passes or overrides to protect the safety of the ship and personnel should be installed.
5.All maintenance and repairs should be recorded.

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