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船检英语|救生艇救生筏降落回收装置

新闻来源:中国船检    浏览量:533 中国船检 2020-11-05
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第八单元 救生艇救生筏降落回收装置

 
一、词汇汉译英
降落与回收装置   机械脱开装置
滑车  钢丝索
吊艇索 吊艇链 
眼板 卷筒
绞车马达 绞车制动器
自动脱开吊钩 辅助降落方式
静负荷试验  动负荷试验 
登乘梯  

二、选择适当短语或词汇以适当形式填空,其中一个为多于选项

1. Recovery time of the rescue boat shall be not more than 5 min in ____ sea conditions when loaded with its full complement of persons and equipment.
2. Boarded from a position on deck less than 4.5 m above the waterline in the ____ seagoing condition and which have a mass of not more than 185 kg.
3. Rescue boat arrangements shall be such that the rescue boat can be ____ and launched directly from the stowed position with the number of persons assigned to crew the rescue boat on board.
4. All parts requiring regular maintenance by the ship's crew shall be readily accessible and easily ____.
5. The launching appliance and its attachments other than winches shall be of sufficient strength to withstand a factory static proof load test of not less than 2.2 times the maximum ____ load.
 
三、 填空题
 
1. A lifeboat launching appliance shall be capable of recovering the lifeboat with its ____.
2. Falls shall be of ____ resistant and corrosion resistant steel wire rope.
3. The winch brakes of a launching appliance shall be of  ____ strength to withstand a static test with a proof load of not less than 1.5 times the maximum working load.
4. The winch brakes of a launching appliance shall be of sufficient strength to withstand a dynamic test with a proof load of not less than 1.1 times the maximum working load at maximum ____ speed.
5. Where a survival craft requires a launching appliance and is also designed to float free, the float-free release of the survival craft from its stowed position shall be ____.
 
四、句子汉译英
 
1. 降落与回收装置应使操作人员能随时在船上观察到救生艇筏。
2. 类似救生艇筏仅应使用同一种型号的脱开机械装置。
3. 在弃船过程中,应有防止船舶的任何排水排到救生艇筏内的装置。
4. 一切救助艇均应能在船舶于平静水面前进航速达到5kn时降落下水。
5. 救助艇的登乘和回收装置应允许搬运担架病人。
答案
一、
launching and recovery appliance release mechanism
block steel wire rope
fall suspension chain
padeye drum
winch motor winch brake
automatic release hook secondary means of launching
static test dynamic test
embarkation ladder  
 
二、
 
moderate / lightes / boarded / maintained / working
 
三、
 
crew / rotation / sufficient / lowering / automatic
 
四、
 
1. Launching and recovery arrangements shall be such that the appliance operator on the ship is able to observe the survival craft at all times
2. Only one type of release mechanism shall be used for similar survival craft.
3. Means shall be available to prevent any discharge of water on to survival craft during abandonment.
4. All rescue boats shall be capable of being launched with the ship making headway at speeds up to 5 knots in calm water.
5. Rescue boat embarkation and recovery arrangements shall allow handling of a stretcher case.
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