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带你了解Paris Mou,U.S Coast Guard以及AMSA的船舶禁令

新闻来源:阳光安检    浏览量:2072 中国船检 2018-02-13
  年前最后一期干货大放送来了~
  本期小编要带大家了解各地区国际航行船舶的禁令(refusal of access/banning)
 
  这里先和大家解释下这个禁令是怎么一回事:
 
  这个要从巴黎备忘录组织自2011年1月1日实施的新的港口国监督检查机制(NIR)说起。就是在这个机制里,Paris Mou 创造性的提出了这种处罚手段,即有权拒绝某些船舶进入其港口和锚地。
  后来,许多地方都提出了相关禁令,下面小编带大家了解下各地区都是怎么规定的~
 
  1.The PARIS MOU
 
  1. Reasons of Banning from the Paris MoU region:
 
  The PARIS MOU has widened banning for multiple detentions from certain ship types to all ship types and extended the flag from the black to the grey listed ones.
 
  The banning criteria as follows:
 
  .1  Black listed flag – banned after more than 2 detentions in previous 36 months
 
  .2  Grey listed flag – banned after more than 2 detentions in previous 24 months
 
  .3  Jumping detention
 
  .4  Failure to call at indicated repair yard
 
 

        2. Any subsequent detention after a second ban will lead to a ban, irrespective of flag. A ban can be lifted:
 
  .1    3 months after the first ban;
 
  .2    12 months after the second ban, and;
  
  .3    24 months after the third ban.
 
  Following a third refusal of access, a vessel is permanently banned if, after 24 months, the vessel is not registered with a white flag, EU recognized class and managed by a high performing company.
 
  A refusal of access order remains on record for the life of the ship, irrespective of any change of owner, flag and/or class.
 
  巴黎备忘录是这个禁令的“开山鼻祖”。它实施禁令标准如下:
 
  黑名单船旗国——近36个月内受到2次以上滞留
  灰名单船旗国——近24个月内受到2次以上滞留
  滞留逃逸或未按规定进入指定船厂进行修理的船舶实施禁令
 
  那么船舶被拒绝进港后将如何解除呢?
 
  第一次拒绝进港令的时间为三个月
  如船舶被第二次拒绝进港,其禁入时间为十二个月
  如船舶被实施第三次禁令,且24个月后未能满足下列条件,则将被实施永久禁令:
  船旗国被列入白名单/ 具备欧盟认可组织/由高绩效的船公司管理。
 
  3.Graphic display multiple banning
 
 
 
        2.U.S COAST GUARD
 
  On 2 November 2010 the U.S. Coast Guard’s Policy for Banning of Foreign Vessels From Entry into United States Ports was published in the U.S.Federal Register.
 
  1. Reasons of Banning.
 
  .1 When a vessel has been repeatedly detained (meaning three or more detentions within twelve months) and,
 
  .2 It is determined by the Coast Guard's Foreign and Offshore Vessels Division that failure to implement effectively the SMS was a contributing factor for the substandard condition(s) that led to the detentions, the vessel will be denied entry into any port or place in the United States until specified actions are completed to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard.
 
  美国海岸警卫队禁止外籍船舶进入美国港口的相关规定》于2010年11月2日刊登在《联邦公报》上。《规定》中提到:
 
  如船舶受到多次滞留(指12个月内发生3次或以上滞留),以及美国海岸警卫队外籍及近海船舶处认定,由于船舶未有效实施安全管理体系(SMS)造成其状况低于标准,从而受到滞留,则该船将被拒绝进入美国的任何港口或地点,直到其采取特定措施满足警卫队的要求。
 
  3.AMSA
 
  .1 Refusal of access for 3 months:
 
  A vessel has been detained then released with conditions to carry out corrective action, but returns to Australia without the corrective action having been taken.
 
  A vessel has incurred three detentions in a two years period and has not been previously issued a direction.
 
  .2 Refusal of access for 12 months – where a vessel has previously been issued a direction and is detained within two years of the expiry of the refusal period under that direction (while under the same operator).  The nature of previous detentions that resulted in the initial direction may also be taken into consideration.
 
  .3 Refusal of access for 24months - where a vessel has previously been issued two directions and is detained within two years of the expiry of the refusal period under the second direction (while under the same operator). The nature of previous detentions that resulted in the initial direction may also be taken into consideration.
 
  东京备忘录暂且没有相关禁令,但是澳大利亚海事局对此已经有了自己的规定:
 
  3个月内禁止进港:
  船舶受到滞留且在解除时需采取纠正措施,但返回澳大利亚时缺陷仍未进行纠正;
  船舶在两年内发生三次滞留,且之前未被实施禁令。
 
  12个月内禁止进港:
  船舶曾被实施禁令,且在禁令期满后两年内发生滞留(船舶经营人未发生变化)。导致首次禁令的滞留因素仍可作为本次禁止进港的原因。
 
  24个月内禁止进港:
  船舶曾被实施过两次禁令,且在第二次禁令期满后两年内发生滞留(船舶经营人未发生变化)。导致首次禁令的滞留因素仍可作为本次禁止进港的原因。
 
  4. RELEVENT QUESTIONS
 
  Please note that: The main identifier of a banned ship is the IMO number.
 
  被实施禁令的船舶,其主要标识为IMO编号。
 
  So when a ship is “banned” and then sold to another Party, does this transaction automatically cancel the “banned” status or does the status continue?
 
  Answer: A ban is a measure imposed on an individual ship. Once banned, a transfer of company, flag or change in other involved parties does not revoke a ban or otherwise shorten the applicable periods mentioned.
 
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