本期小编要带大家了解各地区国际航行船舶的禁令（refusal of access/banning)
这个要从巴黎备忘录组织自2011年1月1日实施的新的港口国监督检查机制（NIR）说起。就是在这个机制里，Paris Mou 创造性的提出了这种处罚手段，即有权拒绝某些船舶进入其港口和锚地。
1.The PARIS MOU
1. Reasons of Banning from the Paris MoU region:
The PARIS MOU has widened banning for multiple detentions from certain ship types to all ship types and extended the flag from the black to the grey listed ones.
The banning criteria as follows:
.1 Black listed flag – banned after more than 2 detentions in previous 36 months
.2 Grey listed flag – banned after more than 2 detentions in previous 24 months
.3 Jumping detention
.4 Failure to call at indicated repair yard
2. Any subsequent detention after a second ban will lead to a ban, irrespective of flag. A ban can be lifted:
.1 3 months after the first ban;
.2 12 months after the second ban, and;
.3 24 months after the third ban.
Following a third refusal of access, a vessel is permanently banned if, after 24 months, the vessel is not registered with a white flag, EU recognized class and managed by a high performing company.
A refusal of access order remains on record for the life of the ship, irrespective of any change of owner, flag and/or class.
3.Graphic display multiple banning
2.U.S COAST GUARD
On 2 November 2010 the U.S. Coast Guard’s Policy for Banning of Foreign Vessels From Entry into United States Ports was published in the U.S.Federal Register.
1. Reasons of Banning.
.1 When a vessel has been repeatedly detained (meaning three or more detentions within twelve months) and,
.2 It is determined by the Coast Guard's Foreign and Offshore Vessels Division that failure to implement effectively the SMS was a contributing factor for the substandard condition(s) that led to the detentions, the vessel will be denied entry into any port or place in the United States until specified actions are completed to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard.
.1 Refusal of access for 3 months:
A vessel has been detained then released with conditions to carry out corrective action, but returns to Australia without the corrective action having been taken.
A vessel has incurred three detentions in a two years period and has not been previously issued a direction.
.2 Refusal of access for 12 months – where a vessel has previously been issued a direction and is detained within two years of the expiry of the refusal period under that direction (while under the same operator). The nature of previous detentions that resulted in the initial direction may also be taken into consideration.
.3 Refusal of access for 24months - where a vessel has previously been issued two directions and is detained within two years of the expiry of the refusal period under the second direction (while under the same operator). The nature of previous detentions that resulted in the initial direction may also be taken into consideration.
4. RELEVENT QUESTIONS
Please note that: The main identifier of a banned ship is the IMO number.
So when a ship is “banned” and then sold to another Party, does this transaction automatically cancel the “banned” status or does the status continue?
Answer: A ban is a measure imposed on an individual ship. Once banned, a transfer of company, flag or change in other involved parties does not revoke a ban or otherwise shorten the applicable periods mentioned.